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    The new Radiosounding HARMonization (RHARM) dataset of homogenized radiosounding temperature, humidity and wind profiles with uncertainties


    Thorne, Peter and Madonna, Fabio and Fassò, Alessandro (2021) The new Radiosounding HARMonization (RHARM) dataset of homogenized radiosounding temperature, humidity and wind profiles with uncertainties. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 127. e2021JD035220. ISSN 2169-8996

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    Abstract

    Observational records are more often than not influenced by residual non-climatic factors which must be detected and adjusted for prior to their usage. In this work, we present a novel approach, named Radiosounding HARMonization (RHARM), providing a homogenized data set of temperature, humidity and wind profiles along with an estimation of the measurement uncertainties for 697 radiosounding stations globally. The RHARM method has been used to adjust twice daily (0000 and 1200 UTC) radiosonde data holdings at 16 pressure levels in the range 1,000–10 hPa, from 1978 to present, provided by the Integrated Global Radiosonde Archive. Relative humidity (RH) data are limited to 250 hPa. The applied adjustments are interpolated to all reported levels. RHARM is the first data set to provide homogenized time series with an estimation of the observational uncertainty at each sounding pressure level. By construction, RHARM adjusted fields are not affected by cross-contamination of biases across stations and are fully independent of reanalysis data. Analysis of trends for temperature, RH and winds highlights increased geographical coherency of trends over 1978–2000 globally, but especially in the Northern Hemisphere and South America. RHARM shows warming trends of 0.39 K/decade at 300 hPa in the Northern Hemisphere and of 0.25 K/ decade in the tropics. The RHARM adjustments also reduce differences with the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecast ERA5 reanalysis, with the strongest effect in the Northern Hemisphere for temperature and relative humidity. For wind speed, the comparison indicates a good agreement with ERA5 in the troposphere.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Cite as: Madonna, F., Tramutola, E., SY, S., Serva, F., Proto, M., Rosoldi, M., et al. (2022). The new Radiosounding HARMonization (RHARM) data set of homogenized radiosounding temperature, humidity, and wind profiles with uncertainties. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 127, e2021JD035220. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JD035220
    Keywords: Radiosounding HARMonization; relative humidity; wind profiles; radiosonde stations; RHARM;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Social Sciences > Geography
    Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Institutes > Irish Climate Analysis and Research Units, ICARUS
    Item ID: 15709
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1029/2021JD035220
    Depositing User: Peter Thorne
    Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2022 12:58
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
    Publisher: Wiley
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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