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    Mutational analysis of the Hsp70 substrate‐binding domain: Correlating molecular‐level changes with in vivo function

    Xu, Linan and Zhang, Hong and Cuskelly, Daragh D. and Doyle, Sean and Perrett, Sarah and Jones, Gary W. (2021) Mutational analysis of the Hsp70 substrate‐binding domain: Correlating molecular‐level changes with in vivo function. Molecular Microbiology, 115 (6). pp. 1262-1276. ISSN 0950-382X

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    Hsp70 is an evolutionarily conserved chaperone involved in maintaining protein homeostasis during normal growth and upon exposure to stresses. Mutations in the β6/β7 region of the substrate-binding domain (SBD) disrupt the SBD hydrophobic core resulting in impairment of the heat-shock response and prion propagation in yeast. To elucidate the mechanisms behind Hsp70 loss of function due to disruption of the SBD, we undertook targeted mutational analysis of key residues in the β6/β7 region. We demonstrate the critical functional role of the F475 residue across yeast cytosolic Hsp70-Ssa family. We identify the size of the hydrophobic side chain at 475 as the key factor in maintaining SBD stability and functionality. The introduction of amino acid variants to either residue 475, or close neighbor 483, caused instability and cleavage of the Hsp70 SBD and subsequent degradation. Interestingly, we found that Hsp70-Ssa cleavage may occur through a vacuolar carboxypeptidase (Pep4)-dependent mechanism rather than proteasomal. Mutations at 475 and 483 result in compromised ATPase function, which reduces protein re-folding activity and contributes to depletion of cytosolic Hsp70 in vivo. The combination of reduced functionality and stability of Hsp70-Ssa results in yeast cells that are compromised in their stress response and cannot propagate the [PSI+] prion.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Mutational analysis; Hsp70; substrate-binding domain; molecular-level; in vivo function;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Biology
    Item ID: 16154
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Dr. Sean Doyle
    Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2022 08:44
    Journal or Publication Title: Molecular Microbiology
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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