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    IFN-γ and PPARδ Influence the Efficacy and Retention of Multipotent Adult Progenitor Cells in Graft vs Host Disease


    Carty, Fiona and Dunbar, Hazel and Hawthorne, Ian J. and Ting, Anthony E. and Stubblefield, Samantha R. and Van't Hof, Wouter and English, Karen (2021) IFN-γ and PPARδ Influence the Efficacy and Retention of Multipotent Adult Progenitor Cells in Graft vs Host Disease. Stem Cells Translational Medicine, 10 (11). pp. 1561-1574. ISSN 2157-6564

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    Abstract

    Cell-based therapy for the treatment of inflammatory disorders has focused on the application of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) and multipotent adult progenitor cells (MAPCs). Despite the recent positive findings in industry-sponsored clinical trials of MSCs and MAPCs for graft vs host disease (GvHD), cell therapy is efficacious in some but not all patients, highlighting the need to identify strategies to enhance cell-based therapeutic efficacy. Here, we demonstrate the capacity for interferon (IFN)-γ licensing to enhance human MAPC efficacy and retention following early administration in a humanized mouse model of acute GvHD (aGvHD). Activation of the nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta (PPARδ) negatively influenced the retention and efficacy of human MAPCs as well as IFNγ-licensed MAPCs in the aGvHD model. PPARδ antagonism significantly enhanced the efficacy of human MAPCs when administered early in the humanized aGvHD model. COX-2 expression in human MAPC was significantly decreased in IFN-γ licensed MAPCs exposed to a PPARδ agonist. Importantly, MAPC exposure to the PPARδ antagonist in the presence of a COX-2 inhibitor indomethacin before administration significantly reduced the efficacy of PPARδ antagonized MAPCs in the aGvHD humanized mouse model. This is the first study to demonstrate the importance of PPARδ in human MAPC efficacy in vivo and highlights the importance of understanding the disease microenvironment in which cell-based therapies are to be administered. In particular, the presence of PPARδ ligands may negatively influence MAPC or MSC therapeutic efficacy.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: COX-2; graft vs host disease; IFN-γ; in vivo biodistribution; mesenchymal stromal cells; multipotent adult progenitor cells; PPARδ;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Biology
    Faculty of Science and Engineering > Research Institutes > Human Health Institute
    Item ID: 16211
    Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1002/sctm.21-0008
    Depositing User: Karen English
    Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2022 10:28
    Journal or Publication Title: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
    Publisher: Oxford University Press
    Refereed: Yes
    URI:

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