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    DDX3X Links NLRP11 to the Regulation of Type I Interferon Responses and NLRP3 Inflammasome Activation

    Kienes, Ioannis and Bauer, Sarah and Gottschild, Clarissa and Mirza, Nora and Pfannstiel, Jens and Schröder, Martina and Kufer, Thomas A. (2021) DDX3X Links NLRP11 to the Regulation of Type I Interferon Responses and NLRP3 Inflammasome Activation. Frontiers in Immunology, 12 (653883). pp. 1-13. ISSN 1664-3224

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    Tight regulation of inflammatory cytokine and interferon (IFN) production in innate immunity is pivotal for optimal control of pathogens and avoidance of immunopathology. The human Nod-like receptor (NLR) NLRP11 has been shown to regulate type I IFN and pro-inflammatory cytokine responses. Here, we identified the ATP-dependent RNA helicase DDX3X as a novel binding partner of NLRP11, using co-immunoprecipitation and LC-MS/MS. DDX3X is known to enhance type I IFN responses and NLRP3 inflammasome activation. We demonstrate that NLRP11 can abolish IKKϵ-mediated phosphorylation of DDX3X, resulting in lower type I IFN induction upon viral infection. These effects were dependent on the LRR domain of NLRP11 that we mapped as the interaction domain for DDX3X. In addition, NLRP11 also suppressed NLRP3-mediated caspase-1 activation in an LRR domain-dependent manner, suggesting that NLRP11 might sequester DDX3X and prevent it from promoting NLRP3-induced inflammasome activation. Taken together, our data revealed DDX3X as a central target of NLRP11, which can mediate the effects of NLRP11 on type I IFN induction as well as NLRP3 inflammasome activation. This expands our knowledge of the molecular mechanisms underlying NLRP11 function in innate immunity and suggests that both NLRP11 and DDX3X might be promising targets for modulation of innate immune responses.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: innate immunity; nod-like receptors; anti-viral; DEAD-box helicase; inflammasome; IL-1; type I interferon;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Biology
    Faculty of Science and Engineering > Research Institutes > Human Health Institute
    Item ID: 16292
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Martina Schroeder
    Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2022 13:06
    Journal or Publication Title: Frontiers in Immunology
    Publisher: Frontiers Media
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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