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    Self-control and its relation to emotions and psychobiology: evidence from a Day Reconstruction Method study

    Daly, M. and Baumeister, R. F. and Delaney, L. and MacLachlan, Malcolm (2014) Self-control and its relation to emotions and psychobiology: evidence from a Day Reconstruction Method study. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 37 (1). pp. 81-93. ISSN 0160-7715

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    This study aimed to ascertain whether self-control predicts heart rate, heart rate variability, and the cortisol slope, and to determine whether health behaviors and affect patterns mediate these relationships. A sample of 198 adults completed the Self-Control Scale (Tangney in J Pers 72:271-322, 2004), and reported their exercise levels, and cigarette and alcohol use. Participants provided a complete account of their emotional experiences over a full day, along with morning and evening salivary cortisol samples and a continuous measure of cardiovascular activity on the same day. High trait self-control predicted low resting heart rate, high heart rate variability, and a steep cortisol slope. Those with high self-control displayed stable emotional patterns which explained the link between self-control and the cortisol slope. The self-controlled smoked less and this explained their low heart rates. The capacity to sustain stable patterns of affect across diverse contexts may be an important pathway through which self-control relates to psychophysiological functioning and potentially health.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Personality; Self-control; Cortisol; Heart rate; Heart rate variability; Affect variability; Day Reconstruction Method;
    Academic Unit: Assisting Living & Learning,ALL institute
    Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 16483
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Malcolm MacLachlan
    Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2022 14:28
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
    Publisher: Springer
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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