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    The meaning of work in Malaŵi

    Carr, Stuart C. and MacLachlan, Malcolm and Kachedwa, Michael and Kanyangale, Macdonald (1997) The meaning of work in Malaŵi. Journal of International Development, 9 (7). pp. 899-911. ISSN 1099-1328

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    Human resources are increasingly seen as vital to developing nations, but studies of work motivation remain focused on manager elites rather than the general workforce, and on motivation ‘at’ particular workplaces rather than the wider meaning ‘of’ work in societies at large. In an adaptation of Morse and Weiss's classic study on the meaning of work, one hundred Malaŵian workers from a variety of occupations were asked whether they would continue to work even if they were given enough money to retire comfortably. Sixty-four per cent said that they would continue to stay at work, predominantly for reasons of security, while the wider meaning of work might entail the narrative typology of owning one's own business. The Western notion of need hierarchy may be irrelevant to Malaŵian workers, many of whom can never be certain of basic security, while the common sense of purpose in owning a small business gives credence to the policy of bottom up, community-driven economic reform.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: meaning; work; Malaŵi;
    Academic Unit: Assisting Living & Learning,ALL institute
    Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 16586
    Depositing User: Malcolm MacLachlan
    Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2022 11:12
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of International Development
    Publisher: Wiley
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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