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    High prevalence of somatisation in ICD-11 complex PTSD: A cross sectional cohort study

    Astill Wright, Laurence and Roberts, Neil P. and Lewis, Catrin and Simon, Natalie and Hyland, Philip and Ho, Grace W.K. and McElroy, Eoin and Bisson, Jonathan I. (2021) High prevalence of somatisation in ICD-11 complex PTSD: A cross sectional cohort study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 148. p. 110574. ISSN 0022-3999

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    Background: While research demonstrates that somatisation is highly correlated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the relationship between International Classification of Diseases 11th edition (ICD-11) PTSD, complex PTSD (CPTSD) and somatisation has not previously been determined. Objective: To determine the relationship between frequency and severity of somatisation and ICD-11 PTSD/ CPTSD. Method: This cross-sectional study included 222 individuals recruited to the National Centre for Mental Health (NCMH) PTSD cohort. We assessed rates of Patient Health Questionnaire 15 (PHQ-15) somatisation stratified by ICD-11 PTSD/CPTSD status. Path analysis was used to explore the relationship between PTSD/CPTSD and somatisation, including number of traumatic events, age, and gender as controls. Results: 70% (58/83) of individuals with CPTSD had high PHQ-15 somatisation symptom severity compared with 48% (12/25) of those with PTSD (chi-square: 95.1, p value <0.001). Path analysis demonstrated that core PTSD symptoms and not disturbances in self organisation (DSO) symptoms were associated with somatisation (unstandardised coefficients: 0.616 (p-value 0.017) and − 0.012 (p-value 0.962) respectively. Conclusions: Individuals with CPTSD have higher somatisation than those with PTSD. The core features of PTSD, not the DSO, characteristic of CPTSD, were associated with somatisation

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Cite as: Laurence Astill Wright, Neil P. Roberts, Catrin Lewis, Natalie Simon, Philip Hyland, Grace W.K. Ho, Eoin McElroy, Jonathan I. Bisson, High prevalence of somatisation in ICD-11 complex PTSD: A cross sectional cohort study, Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Volume 148, 2021, 110574, ISSN 0022-3999,
    Keywords: PTSD; CPTSD; Somatisation;
    Academic Unit: Assisting Living & Learning,ALL institute
    Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 16993
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Philip Hyland
    Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2023 12:30
    Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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