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    The effect of temperature conditioning (9°C and 20°C) on the proteome of entomopathogenic nematode infective juveniles

    Tissenbaum, Heidi A. and Lillis, Peter E. and Griffin, Christine T. and Carolan, James C. (2022) The effect of temperature conditioning (9°C and 20°C) on the proteome of entomopathogenic nematode infective juveniles. PLOS ONE, 17 (4). e0266164. ISSN 1932-6203

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    Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPN) of the genera Steinernema and Heterorhabditis are parasites which kill and reproduce within insects. While both have life cycles centred around their developmentally arrested, nonfeeding and stress tolerant infective juvenile (IJ) stage, they are relatively distantly related. These IJs are promising biocontrol agents, and their shelf life and stress tolerance may be enhanced by storage at low temperatures. The purpose of this study was to investigate how the proteome of the IJs of two distantly related EPN species is affected by storage at 9°C (for up to 9 weeks) and 20°C (for up to 6 weeks), using label-free quantitative proteomics. Overall, more proteins were detected in S. carpocapsae (2422) than in H. megidis (1582). The S. carpocapsae proteome was strongly affected by temperature, while the H. megidis proteome was affected by both time and temperature. The proteins which increased in abundance to the greatest extent in S. carpocapsae IJs after conditioning at 9°C were chaperone proteins, and proteins related to stress. The proteins which increased in abundance the most after storage at 20°C were proteins related to the cytoskeleton, cell signalling, proteases and their inhibitors, which may have roles in infection. The proteins which decreased in abundance to the greatest extent in S. carpocapsae after both 9°C and 20°C storage were those associated with metabolism, stress and the cytoskeleton. After storage at both temperatures, the proteins increased to the greatest extent in H. megidis IJs were those associated with the cytoskeleton, cell signalling and carbon metabolism, and the proteins decreased in abundance to the greatest extent were heat shock and ribosomal proteins, and those associated with metabolism. As the longest-lived stage of the EPN life cycle, IJs may be affected by proteostatic stress, caused by the accumulation of misfolded proteins and toxic aggregates. The substantial increase of chaperone proteins in S. carpocapsae, and to a greater extent at 9°C, and the general decrease in ribosomal and chaperone proteins in H. megidis may represent species-specific proteostasis mechanisms. Similarly, organisms accumulate reactive oxygen species (ROS) over time and both species exhibited a gradual increase in proteins which enhance ROS tolerance, such as catalase. The species-specific responses of the proteome in response to storage temperature, and over time, may reflect the phylogenetic distance and/or different ecological strategies.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: effect; temperature conditioning; proteome; entomopathogenic; nematode; infective juveniles;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Biology
    Item ID: 17027
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: James Carolan
    Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2023 16:18
    Journal or Publication Title: PLOS ONE
    Publisher: Public Library of Science
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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