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    Assessing availability of European plant protection product data: an example evaluating basic area treated

    López-Ballesteros, Ana and Delaney, Aoife and Quirke, James and Stout, Jane C. and Saunders, Matthew and Carolan, James C. and White, Blánaid and Stanley, Dara A. (2022) Assessing availability of European plant protection product data: an example evaluating basic area treated. PeerJ, 10. e13586. ISSN 2167-8359

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    Besides the benefits of plant protection products (PPPs) for agricultural production, there is an increasing acknowledgement of the associated potential environmental risks. Here, we examine the feasibility of summarizing the extent of PPP usage at the country level, using Ireland as a case study, as well as at the European level. We used the area over which PPPs are applied (basic area) as an example variable that is relevant to initially assess the geographic extent of environmental risk. In Irish agricultural systems, which are primarily grass-based, herbicides fluroxypyr and glyphosate are the most widely applied active substances (ASs) in terms of basic area, followed by the fungicides chlorothalonil and prothioconazole that are closely associated with arable crops. Although all EU countries are subject to Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009, which sets the obligation of PPP usage data reporting at the national level, we only found usable data that met our criteria for Estonia, Germany, Finland, and Spain (4 of 30 countries reviewed). Overall, the most widely applied fungicide and herbicide in terms of basic area were prothioconazole (20%, 7% and 5% of national cultivated areas of Germany, Estonia and Ireland) and glyphosate (11%, 8% and 5% of national cultivated areas of Spain, Estonia and Ireland) respectively, although evaluations using application frequency may result in the observation of different trends. Several recommendations are proposed to tackle current data gaps and deficiencies in accessibility and usability of pesticide usage data across the EU in order to better inform environmental risk assessment and promote evidence-based policymaking.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Pesticides; Exposure; European policy; Agrichemical; Plant protection product; Active ingredients
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Biology
    Item ID: 17028
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: James Carolan
    Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2023 16:26
    Journal or Publication Title: PeerJ
    Publisher: PeerJ
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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