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    Fatalism and ICD-11 CPTSD and PTSD diagnoses: results from Nigeria, Kenya & Ghana

    Levin, Yafit and Bachem, Rahel and Palgi, Yuval and Hyland, Philip and Karatzias, Thanos and Shevlin, Mark and Ben-Ezra, Menachem and Maercker, Andreas (2021) Fatalism and ICD-11 CPTSD and PTSD diagnoses: results from Nigeria, Kenya & Ghana. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 12 (1). ISSN 2000-8066

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    ABSTRACT Background: Existing research on post-traumatic sequelae suggests a positive association between fatalism and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, the associations between fatalism and the new ICD-11 diagnosis of complex PTSD (CPTSD) have never been explored before. Objective: The current study explored the association between fatalism and PTSD and CPTSD in samples from three African countries. Methods: A total of 2,524 participants from Nigeria (n = 1018), Kenya (n = 1006), and Ghana (n = 500) completed measures of fatalism (non-judgmental fatalism, current fatalism, pessimistic fatalism, prospective fatalism) and the International Trauma Questionnaire (ITQ). A combination of a multinomial regression and path analysis was used to identify fatalism predictors of PTSD and CPTSD versus no diagnosis, and CPTSD versus PTSD, adjusted for demographic variables and trauma exposure. Results: While PTSD was not predicted by any of the fatalism types, compared to no diagnosis, CPTSD was significantly predicted by pessimistic, non-judgmental and current fatalism, both compared to no diagnosis and PTSD. Conclusions: The results broaden the knowledge on potential correlates of the new diagnosis of CPTSD. Addressing fatalistic beliefs by empowering people to think that they can choose their fate should be further explored as a possible target for intervention in the treatment of CPTSD.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Cite as: : Yafit Levin, Rahel Bachem, Yuval Palgi, Philip Hyland, Thanos Karatzias, Mark Shevlin, Menachem Ben-Ezra & Andreas Maercker (2021) Fatalism and ICD-11 CPTSD and PTSD diagnoses: results from Nigeria, Kenya & Ghana, European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 12:1, 1988452, DOI: 10.1080/20008198.2021.1988452
    Keywords: Trauma; post-traumatic stress disorder; complex post-traumatic stress; disorder; fatalism;
    Academic Unit: Assisting Living & Learning,ALL institute
    Faculty of Science and Engineering > Psychology
    Item ID: 17055
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Philip Hyland
    Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2023 09:28
    Journal or Publication Title: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
    Publisher: Taylor and Francis online
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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