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    Recombinant production, characterization and industrial application testing of a novel acidic exo/endo-chitinase from Rasamsonia emersonii

    Dwyer, Kelly and Bentley, Ian S. and Fitzpatrick, David A. and Saleh, Aliabbas A. and Tighe, Emma and McGleenan, Eibhilin and Gaffney, Darragh and Walsh, Gary (2023) Recombinant production, characterization and industrial application testing of a novel acidic exo/endo-chitinase from Rasamsonia emersonii. Extremophiles, 27 (10). pp. 1-17. ISSN 1431-0651

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    An acid-active exo/endo-chitinase; comprising a GH18 catalytic domain and substrate insertion domain; originating from the thermophilic flamentous fungus Rasamsonia emersonii, was expressed in Pichia pastoris. In silico analysis including phylogenetic analysis, and recombinant production, purifcation, biochemical characterisation, and industrial application testing, was carried out. The expressed protein was identifed by SDS-PAGE as a smear from 56.3 to 125.1 kDa, which sharpens into bands at 46.0 kDa, 48.4 kDa and a smear above 60 kDa when treated with PNGase F. The acid-active chitinase was primarily a chitobiosidase but displayed some endo-chitinase and acetyl-glucosamidase activity. The enzyme was optimally active at 50 °C, and markedly low pH of 2.8. As far as the authors are aware, this is the lowest pH optima reported for any fungal chitinase. The acid-active chitinase likely plays a role in chitin degradation for cell uptake in its native environment, perhaps in conjunction with a chitin deacetylase. Comparative studies with other R. emersonii chitinases indicate that they may play a synergistic role in this. The acid-active chitinase displayed some efcacy against non-treated substrates; fungal chitin and chitin from shrimp. Thus, it may be suited to industrial chitin hydrolysis reactions for extraction of glucosamine and chitobiose at low pH.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Acid active chitinase; Thermostable chitinase; Rasamsonia emersonii; Glucosamine; Chitooligosaccharides; Chitin-waste valorisation;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Biology
    Faculty of Science and Engineering > Research Institutes > Human Health Institute
    Item ID: 17117
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: David Fitzpatrick
    Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2023 15:16
    Journal or Publication Title: Extremophiles
    Publisher: Springer
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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