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    Evolutionary conserved longevity genes and human cognitive abilities in elderly cohorts

    Lopez, Lorna M. and Harris, Sarah E and Luciano, Michelle and Liewald, Dave and Davies, Gail and Gow, Alan J and Tenesa, Albert and Payton, Antony and Ke, Xiayi and Whalley, Lawrence J and Fox, Helen and Haggerty, Paul and Ollier, William and Pickles, Andrew and Porteous, David J and Horan, Michael A and Pendleton, Neil and Starr, John M and Deary, Ian J (2012) Evolutionary conserved longevity genes and human cognitive abilities in elderly cohorts. European Journal of Human Genetics, 20 (3). pp. 341-347. ISSN 1018-4813

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    Genetic influences have an important role in the ageing process. The genetic factors that influence success in bodily ageing may also contribute to the successful ageing of cognitive abilities. A comparative genomics approach found longevity genes conserved between yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. We hypothesised that these longevity genes influence variance in cognitive ability and age-related cognitive decline in humans. Here, we investigated six of these genes that have human orthologs and show expression in the brain. We tested AFG3L2 (MIM: 604581, AFG3 ATPase family gene 3-like 2 (yeast)), FRAP1 (MIM: 601231, a FK506 binding protein 12-rapamycin associated protein), MAT1A, MAT2A (MIM: 610550 and 601468, methionine adenosyltransferases I alpha and II alpha, respectively), SYNJ1 and SYNJ2 (MIM: 604297 and 609410, synaptojanin-1 and synaptojanin-2, respectively) in approximately 1000 healthy older Scots: the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 (LBC1936). They were tested on general cognitive ability at age 11 years. At a mean age of 70 years, they re-sat the same general cognitive ability test and underwent an additional battery of diverse cognitive tests. In all, 70 tag and functional SNPs in the six longevity genes were genotyped and tested for association with cognition and cognitive ageing in LBC1936. Suggestive associations were detected between SNPs in SYNJ2, MAT1A, AFG3L2 and SYNJ1 and a general memory factor and general cognitive ability at age 11 and 70 years. Replication studies for cognitive ability associations were performed in 2506 samples from the Cognitive Ageing Genetics in England and Scotland consortium. A meta-analysis replicated the SYNJ2 association with cognitive abilities (lowest P=0.00077). SYNJ2 is a novel gene in which variation is potentially associated with cognitive abilities.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: cognition; cognitive ageing; longevity genes; gene association; SYNJ2;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Biology
    Faculty of Science and Engineering > Research Institutes > Human Health Institute
    Item ID: 17318
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Lorna Lopez
    Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2023 11:49
    Journal or Publication Title: European Journal of Human Genetics
    Publisher: Springer Nature
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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