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    Diversification, concentration and renewability of the energy supply in the European Union

    De Rosa, Mattia and Gainsford, Kenneth and Pallonetto, Fabiano and Finn, Donal P. (2022) Diversification, concentration and renewability of the energy supply in the European Union. Energy, 253 (124097). pp. 1-15. ISSN 0360-5442

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    Energy security assessment quantifies the energy supply to a population and the likelihood, or risk, of an energy disruption or shortage and represents an important aspect of national security, economic stability and prosperity. The quantification of the state of energy supply is context-dependent and involves multiple perspectives: infrastructural, technological, environmental, market, social and geopolitical. Among all the different and relevant aspects involved, diversity and dependence of the energy fuel mix are two of the main energy security dimensions. The present paper investigates the diversification of the energy supply in Europe, by analysing import dependence, market concentration and renewable energy resource deployment in the European Union over the last decade. The analysis utilises a set of indicators aimed at measuring the fuel mix diversity, market concentration, geopolitical stability, renewable energy share and stochasticity - both at single country and at aggregated European levels. Results show a stable evolution of the diversity of the fuel mix and a relatively low market concentration of the period examined. However, the import dependency reduces the energy security by approximately 30% due to the high proportion of imports from a limited number of countries. Moreover, an increasing trend in renewable electricity production share is evident over the last decade, albeit with differences between member states, as a result of the decarbonisation policies implemented by the European Union.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Energy security; Diversity; Dependence; Renewable energy; Import dependency; Resources;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Research Institutes > Hamilton Institute
    Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Institutes > Innovation Value Institute, IVI
    Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Business
    Item ID: 18265
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Fabiano Pallonetto
    Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2024 14:42
    Journal or Publication Title: Energy
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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