MURAL - Maynooth University Research Archive Library

    An ensemble learning-based framework for assessing the energy flexibility of residential buildings with multicomponent energy systems

    Bampoulas, Adamantios and Pallonetto, Fabiano and Mangina, Eleni and Finn, Donal P. (2022) An ensemble learning-based framework for assessing the energy flexibility of residential buildings with multicomponent energy systems. Applied Energy, 315 (118947). pp. 1-25. ISSN 0306-2619

    [img] Download (7MB)

    Share your research

    Twitter Facebook LinkedIn GooglePlus Email more...

    Add this article to your Mendeley library


    A key issue in energy flexibility assessment is the lack of a scalable practicable approach to quantify and characterise the flexibility of individual residential buildings from an integrated energy system perspective without the need to use complex simulation models. In this study, this problem is addressed by explicitly quantifying the flexibility of multicomponent thermal and electrical systems commonly found in residential buildings based on an ensemble learning framework that consists of four algorithms, namely, random forests, multilayer perceptron neural network, support vector machine, and extreme gradient boosting. The day-ahead and hour-ahead prediction models developed are periodically updated considering dynamic feature selection based on residential occupancy patterns. The proposed methodology utilises synthetic data obtained from a calibrated white-box model of an all-electric residential building for two indicative occupancy profiles. The energy systems evaluated include a heat pump, a photovoltaic system, and a battery unit. The daily flexibility mappings are acquired by applying hourly independent, and consecutive demand response actions for each energy system considered, using suitable energy flexibility indicators. The results show that the ensemble models developed for each target variable outperform each of the constituent machine learning algorithms. Moreover, the storage capacity resulting from harnessing the heat pump downward flexibility demonstrates accurate accuracy with a coefficient of determination equal to 0.979 and 0.968 for day-ahead predictions and 0.998 and 0.978 for day ahead predictions for the two occupancy profiles considered, respectively. This framework can be used by electricity aggregators to evaluate a building portfolio in an end-user-tailored manner or optimally exploit its energy flexibility considering multi-step predictions to shift electricity usage to off-peak times or times of excess onsite renewable energy generation.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Energy flexibility; Flexibility indicators; Residential sector; Ensemble learning;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Research Institutes > Hamilton Institute
    Faculty of Social Sciences > Research Institutes > Innovation Value Institute, IVI
    Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Business
    Item ID: 18271
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Fabiano Pallonetto
    Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2024 10:58
    Journal or Publication Title: Applied Energy
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

    Repository Staff Only(login required)

    View Item Item control page


    Downloads per month over past year

    Origin of downloads