MURAL - Maynooth University Research Archive Library

    Leucine aminopeptidase of the human blood flukes, Schistosoma mansoni and Schistosoma japonicum

    McCarthy, Elaine and Stack, Colin and Donnelly, Sheila M. and Doyle, Sean and Mann, Victoria H. and Brindley, Paul J. and Stewart, Michael and Day, Tim A. and Maule, Aaron G. and Dalton, John P. (2004) Leucine aminopeptidase of the human blood flukes, Schistosoma mansoni and Schistosoma japonicum. International Journal of Parasitology, 34 (6). pp. 703-714. ISSN 0020-7519

    [img] Download (544kB)

    Share your research

    Twitter Facebook LinkedIn GooglePlus Email more...

    Add this article to your Mendeley library


    An array of schistosome endoproteases involved in the digestion of host hemoglobin to absorbable peptides has been described, but the exoprotease responsible for catabolising these peptides to amino acids has yet to be identified. By searching the public databases we found that Schistosoma mansoni and Schistosoma japonicum express a gene encoding a member of the M17 family of leucine aminopeptidases (LAPs). A functional recombinant S. mansoni LAP produced in insect cells shared biochemical properties, including pH optimum for activity, substrate specificity and reliance on metal cations for activity, with the major aminopeptidase activity in soluble extracts of adult worms. The pH range in which the enzyme functions and the lack of a signal peptide indicate that the enzyme functions intracellularly. Immunolocalisation studies showed that the S. mansoni LAP is synthesised in the gastrodermal cells surrounding the gut lumen. Accordingly, we propose that peptides generated in the lumen of the schistosome gut are absorbed into the gastrodermal cells and are cleaved by LAP to free amino acids before being distributed to the internal tissues of the parasite. Since LAP was also localised to the surface tegument it may play an additional role in surface membrane re-modelling.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Aminopeptidase; Proteases; Haemoglobin digestion; Parasites; Helminths; Trematodes; Schistosomes;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Biology
    Item ID: 229
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Dr. Sean Doyle
    Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2005
    Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Parasitology
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    Funders: Health Research Board (HRB), Research and Development Office (Northern Ireland), Wellcome Trust, Science Foundation Ireland (SFI)
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

    Repository Staff Only(login required)

    View Item Item control page


    Downloads per month over past year

    Origin of downloads