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    Differential expression of the fast skeletal muscle proteome following chronic low-frequency stimulation

    Donoghue, Pamela and Doran, Philip and Dowling, Paul and Ohlendieck, Kay (2005) Differential expression of the fast skeletal muscle proteome following chronic low-frequency stimulation. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Proteins and Proteomics, 1752 (2). pp. 166-176. ISSN 1570-9639

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    Physiological and biochemical responses of skeletal muscle fibres to enhanced neuromuscular activity under conditions of maximum activation can be studied experimentally by chronic low-frequency stimulation of fast muscles. Stimulation-induced changes in the expression pattern of the rabbit fast skeletal muscle proteome were evaluated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and compared to the altered isoform expression profile of established transformation markers such as the Ca2+-ATPase, calsequestrin and the myosin heavy chain. Sixteen muscle proteins exhibited a marked change in their expression level. This included albumin with a 4-fold increase in abundance. In contrast, glycolytic enzymes, such as enolase and aldolase, showed a decreased expression. Concomitant changes were observed with marker elements of the contractile apparatus. While the fast isoforms of troponin T and myosin light chain 2 were drastically down-regulated, their slow counterparts exhibited increased expression. Interestingly, mitochondrial creatine kinase expression increased while the cytosolic isoform of this key muscle enzyme decreased. The expression of the small heat shock protein HSP-B5/alphaB-crystallin and the oxygen carrier protein myoglobin were both increased 2-fold following stimulation. The observed changes indicate that the conversion into fatigue-resistant red fibres depends on: (i) the optimum utilization of free fatty acids via albumin transportation, (ii) a rearrangement of the creatine kinase isozyme pattern for enhanced mitochondrial activity, (iii) an increased availability of oxygen for aerobic metabolism via myoglobin transport, (iv) the conversion of the contractile apparatus to isoforms with slower twitch characteristics and (v) the up-regulation of chaperone-like proteins for stabilising myofibrillar components during the fast-to-slow transition process.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Skeletal muscle proteome; Chronic low-frequency stimulation; Muscle transformation; Muscle plasticity; Muscle proteomics;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Biology
    Item ID: 7340
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Paul Dowling
    Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2016 15:38
    Journal or Publication Title: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Proteins and Proteomics
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    Funders: Health Research Board (HRB), European Commission
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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