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    Ubiquitin Reference Technique and Its Use in Ubiquitin-Lacking Prokaryotes

    Piatkov, Konstantin and Graciet, Emmanuelle and Varshavsky, Alexander (2013) Ubiquitin Reference Technique and Its Use in Ubiquitin-Lacking Prokaryotes. PLoS ONE, 8 (6). e67952. ISSN 1932-6203

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    In a pulse-chase assay, the in vivo degradation of a protein is measured through a brief labeling of cells with, for example, a radioactive amino acid, followed by cessation of labeling and analysis of cell extracts prepared at different times afterward (‘‘chase’’), using immunoprecipitation, electrophoresis and autoradiography of a labeled protein of interest. A conventional pulse-chase assay is fraught with sources of data scatter, as the efficacy of labeling and immunoprecipitation can vary, and sample volumes can vary as well. The ubiquitin reference technique (URT), introduced in 1996, addresses these problems. In eukaryotes, a DNA-encoded linear fusion of ubiquitin to another protein is cleaved by deubiquitylases at the ubiquitinprotein junction. A URT assay uses a fusion in which the ubiquitin moiety is located between a downstream polypeptide (test protein) and an upstream polypeptide (a long-lived reference protein). The cotranslational cleavage of a URT fusion by deubiquitylases after the last residue of ubiquitin produces, at the initially equimolar ratio, a test protein with a desired Nterminal residue and a reference protein containing C-terminal ubiquitin moiety. In addition to being more accurate than pulse-chases without a reference, URT makes it possible to detect and measure the degradation of a test protein during the pulse (before the chase). Because prokaryotes, including Gram-negative bacteria such as, for example, Escherichia coli and Vibrio vulnificus, lack the ubiquitin system, the use of URT in such cells requires ectopic expression of a deubiquitylase. We describe designs and applications of plasmid vectors that coexpress, in bacteria, both a URT-type fusion and Ubp1, a deubiquitylase of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This single-plasmid approach extends the accuracy-enhancing URT assay to studies of protein degradation in prokaryotes.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Cite as: Piatkov K, Graciet E, Varshavsky A (2013) Ubiquitin Reference Technique and Its Use in Ubiquitin-Lacking Prokaryotes. PLoS ONE 8(6): e67952. . Copyright: © 2013 Piatkov et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
    Keywords: Ubiquitin Reference Technique; Ubiquitin-Lacking Prokaryotes;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Biology
    Item ID: 7427
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Emanuelle Graciet
    Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2016 08:30
    Journal or Publication Title: PLoS ONE
    Publisher: Public Library of Science
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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