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    Post-Disaster Communications: Enabling Technologies, Architectures, and Open Challenges

    Matracia, Maurilio and Saeed, Nasir and Kishk, Mustafa A. and Alouini, Mohamed-Slim (2022) Post-Disaster Communications: Enabling Technologies, Architectures, and Open Challenges. IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society, 3. pp. 1177-1205. ISSN 2644-125X

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    The number of disasters has increased over the past decade where these calamities significantly affect the functionality of communication networks. In the context of 6G, airborne and spaceborne networks offer hope in disaster recovery to serve the underserved and to be resilient in calamities. Therefore, our paper reviews the state-of-the-art literature on post-disaster wireless communication networks and provides insights for the future establishment of such networks. In particular, we first give an overview of the works investigating the general procedures and strategies for facing any large-scale disaster. Then, we present technological solutions for post-disaster communications, such as the recovery of the terrestrial infrastructure, installing aerial networks, and using spaceborne networks. Afterwards, we shed light on the technological aspects of post-disaster networks, primarily the physical and networking issues. We present the literature on channel modeling, coverage and capacity, radio resource management, localization, and energy efficiency in the physical layer part, and discuss the integrated space-air-ground architectures, routing, delay-tolerant/software-defined networks, and edge computing in the networking layer part. This paper also includes interesting simulation results which can provide practical guidelines about the deployment of ad hoc network architectures in emergency scenarios. Finally, we present several promising research directions, namely backhauling, cache-enabled and intelligent reflective surface-enabled networks, placement optimization of aerial base stations (ABSs), and the mobility-related aspects that come into play when deploying aerial networks, such as planning their trajectories and the consequent handovers (HOs).

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Coverage; stochastic geometry; non-terrestrial networks; resilience; backhaul; 6G;
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Electronic Engineering
    Faculty of Science and Engineering > Research Institutes > Hamilton Institute
    Item ID: 16969
    Identification Number:
    Depositing User: Mustafa Kishk
    Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2023 15:49
    Journal or Publication Title: IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

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