MURAL - Maynooth University Research Archive Library

    Alternate metabolism during the dauer stage of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans

    Burnell, Ann and Houthoofd, Koen and O'Hanlon, Karen and Vanfleteren, Jacques R. (2005) Alternate metabolism during the dauer stage of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Experimental Gerontology, 40. pp. 850-856.

    [img] Download (290kB)

    Share your research

    Twitter Facebook LinkedIn GooglePlus Email more...

    Add this article to your Mendeley library


    When environmental conditions are unsuitable to support nematode reproduction, Caenorhabditis elegans arrests development before the onset of sexual maturity and specialised ‘dauer’ larvae, adapted for dispersal, and extended diapause are formed. Dauer larvae do not feed and their metabolism is dependent on internal food reserves. Adult worms which express defects in the insulin/insulin-like growth factor receptor DAF-2 also display enhanced longevity. Whole genome mRNA expression profiling has demonstrated that C. elegans dauer larvae and daf-2 adults have similar transcription profiles for a cohort of longevity genes. Important components of this enhanced longevity system are the a-crystallin family of small heat shock proteins, anti-ROS defence systems, increased activity of cellular detoxification processes and possibly also increased chromatin stability and decreased protein turnover. Anaerobic fermentation pathways are upregulated in dauer larvae, while long-lived daf-2 adults appear to have normal oxidative metabolism. Anabolic pathways are down regulated in dauer larvae (and possibly in daf-2 adults as well), and energy consumption appears to be diverted to enhanced cellular maintenance and detoxification processes in both systems.

    Item Type: Article
    Keywords: Dauer; Gene expression profiling; daf-2; Metabolism; Malate dismutation; ROS; a-crystallin; Detoxification; Longevity
    Academic Unit: Faculty of Science and Engineering > Biology
    Item ID: 515
    Depositing User: Prof. Ann Burnell
    Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2008
    Journal or Publication Title: Experimental Gerontology
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Refereed: Yes
    Use Licence: This item is available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike Licence (CC BY-NC-SA). Details of this licence are available here

    Repository Staff Only(login required)

    View Item Item control page


    Downloads per month over past year

    Origin of downloads